Complex Crosses is an experimental critical book which spans the history of poetry by alighting on small fragments. It has a modular form, consisting of commentaries which pursue a dialectical criticism through the idea of the ‘complex cross’ which is both a figure of dialectic and the action of close reading in which the present’s span of attention loops back and through a text.Hooke’s flea (on the book’s cover) is seen through a microscope but, in turn, also feeds perhaps on the critic whose close-reading scope is deployed – it’s a complex cross in action.Complex Crosses begins twice, the first time with Homer (the point where an oar becomes a chaff-shovel) and the second time with Horace (where the name of a friend stops the ritual cycle of time). Its returning emphases are on naming, linguistic politics, and how the genre of history interpenetrates that of poetry. It forms a discontinuous line of micro-essays and micro- close readings of these multiple chiasmatic forms.The essays cover 60 texts including full commentaries of poems by Horace, Shakespeare and Melville. Some of these micro-essays (including early drafts and extra chapters) are posted at Bite the Weeds . Read the contents page for a chronological sense of the book.